|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]陈 立,刘 华.1969年后马来西亚大学的马来化[J].宁波大学学报(教育科学版),2020,42(3):42-056.
 CHEN Li,LIU Hua.The Malaynisation of the Universities in Malaysia since 1969[J].JORNAL OF NINGBO,2020,42(3):42-056.
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《宁波大学学报》(教育科学版)[ISSN:1008-0627/CN:33-1214/G4]

卷:
第42卷
期数:
2020年3期
页码:
42-056
栏目:
教育理论与教育史
出版日期:
2020-04-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Malaynisation of the Universities in Malaysia since 1969
文章编号:
1008-0627(2020)03-0042-15
作者:
陈 立刘 华
(1. 宁波大学 教师教育学院, 浙江? 宁波? 315211; 2. 宁波大学 外国语学院, 浙江 宁波? 315211)
Author(s):
CHEN Li LIU Hua
(1. College of Teachers Education, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China; 2. Faculty of Foreign Languages, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China)
关键词:
族群政治马来人非马来人大学马来化
Keywords:
ethnicity ethnic politics Malays non-Malays public universities Malaynisation
分类号:
G40-059.3
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
1969年“五一三事件”后至1990年新经济政策终止,马来西亚大学经历了一个以新建运动为起点,马来至上国族论述为之理论基础,以扶弱行动、教学语言、课程与人事为主要路径,以政府的高等教育集权管控为其权力制度保证的马来化过程。在高度马来化的马来西亚大学,不仅马来人占据学生与教职员、领导与管理者的主体部分,马来人的利益需求更属于各项教育活动的优先选项。1990年后,马来西亚国内族群关系趋于缓和及至更加包容和开放,大学的入学族群配额制也被适时废除,代之以绩效制,但后者在教育机会的公平性方面仍缺乏实质性的变革,马来西亚大学仍未脱离马来化的轨道。
Abstract:
niversities in Malaysia were malaynised with a wave of new universities to be established in that period as a starting point from the racial riot of May 13 in 1969 to the end of New Economic Policy in 1990. This Malaynisation took Malay-dominated nationalism as its theoretical foundation, followed with initiatives involving affirmative actions, medium of instruction, courses and personnel arrangements. The process was further guaranteed with the centralised power of UMNO government. In a Malaynised university, with Malays being the dominant part of students and staff, as well as school leadership, the interests of Malays became the priority of every aspect on campus. After 1990, the quota system for university admission was replaced by the system of meritocracy, with more tolerant inter-ethnic relations. The meritocracy, however, was not so functional as expected in terms of equity of educational opportunities. This research concluded that universities in Malaysia have not yet been off the way of Malaynisation initiated in 1969

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-08-19第一作者简介:陈立(1975-),男,重庆人,副教授/博士,主要
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-04-30