|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]叶晓红,孟迎芳,林静远.提取干扰对内隐和外显记忆的差异化影响[J].宁波大学学报(教育科学版),2020,42(2):120-126.[doi:ng two things at once[J]. Memory, 2015(5): 1-20]
 YE Xiao-hong,MENG Ying-fang,LIN Jing-yuan.Differentiating Effects of Retrieval Interference on Implicit and Explicit Memory[J].JORNAL OF NINGBO,2020,42(2):120-126.[doi:ng two things at once[J]. Memory, 2015(5): 1-20]
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《宁波大学学报》(教育科学版)[ISSN:1008-0627/CN:33-1214/G4]

卷:
第42卷
期数:
2020年2期
页码:
120-126
栏目:
教育心理学
出版日期:
2020-03-11

文章信息/Info

Title:
Differentiating Effects of Retrieval Interference on Implicit and Explicit Memory
文章编号:
1008-0627(2020)02-0120-07
作者:
叶晓红1孟迎芳2林静远2
(1.三明学院 教育与音乐学院,福建 三明 365004;2.福建师范大学 心理学院,福建 福州 365000)
Author(s):
YE Xiao-hong1 MENG Ying-fang2 LIN Jing-yuan2
( 1. School of Education and Music, Sanming University, Sanming 365004, China; 2. Department of Psychology, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China )
关键词:
内隐记忆外显记忆干扰启动效应
Keywords:
implicit memory explicit memory interference priming effects
分类号:
G442
DOI:
ng two things at once[J]. Memory, 2015(5): 1-20
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以往较多的研究探讨过提取干扰与外显记忆之间的关系,且所获得的结果较为一致。而关于提取干扰与内隐记忆关系的研究相对较少,并存在差异化的结果。为了进一步证实提取干扰下内隐记忆的表现,以及同外显记忆的差异,该实验采用经典的“学习-测验”范式,并通过在提取阶段设置箭头干扰任务来探讨。结果发现,提取干扰下内隐测验中获得的启动效应受到显著的破坏作用,而外显测验中的成绩不受影响。可见,内隐记忆的提取需要一定的注意资源,而外显记忆的提取表现出相对完整的自动化。
Abstract:
Previous studies have mostly focused on retrieval interference in explicit memory, reaching certain agreement on findings and perspectives. However, there are few studies on the correlations of retrieval interference and implicit memory. This article used , in the classic “study-test” paradigm and designed the arrow interference task in retrieval to identify the presence of implicit memory in the retrieval interference, in contrast with that of explicit memory. The results showed that the retrieval interference significantly affected the priming effects in implicit memory test while the performance of explicit memory was not affected. This finding suggests that implicit memory requires substantial attention resources whereas the explicit memory relatively performs automatically

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:福建省社会科学规划项目“提取干扰对内隐记忆影响的实验研究”(FJ2017C029);福建省中青年教师教育科研项目“提取干扰对内隐记忆影响的ERPs研究”(JAS150553) 第一—————————————— 收稿日期:2018-12-20基金项目:福建省社会科学规划项目“提取干扰对内隐记忆影响的实验研究”(FJ2017C029);福建省中青年教师教育科研项目“提取干扰对内隐记忆影响的ERPs研究”(JAS150553)第一作者简介:叶晓红(1987- ),女,福建三明人,讲师,主要研究方向:记忆实验心理学。E-mail: yexh1988@126.com 箭头方向相同 箭头方向不同
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-07