|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]高 华,彭新波,黄俊萍,等.男性暴力犯内隐道德态度研究[J].宁波大学学报(教育科学版),2019,41(5):119-125.
 GAO Hua,PENG Xin-bo,HUANG Jun-ping,et al.On the Implicit Moral Attitude of Male Violent Offenders[J].JORNAL OF NINGBO,2019,41(5):119-125.
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《宁波大学学报》(教育科学版)[ISSN:1008-0627/CN:33-1214/G4]

卷:
第41卷
期数:
2019年5期
页码:
119-125
栏目:
教育心理学
出版日期:
2019-09-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
On the Implicit Moral Attitude of Male Violent Offenders
文章编号:
10080627(2019)05-0119-07
作者:
高 华1彭新波1黄俊萍1彭 泰2陈 熹3钟育鑫3
(1. 福建师范大学 心理学院,福建 福州 350117;2. 台湾清华大学 学习科学与科技研究所,台湾 新竹 30013; 3.福州监狱,福建 福州 350007)
Author(s):
GAO Hua1 PENG Xin-bo1 HUANG Jun-ping1 PENG Tai2 CHEN Xi3 ZHONG Yu-xin3
(1. School of Psychology, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350117, China; 2. Institute of Learning Sciences and Technologies, Taiwan Tsinghua University, Xinzhu 30013, China; 3. Fuzhou Prison, Fuzhou 350007, China)
关键词:
-
Keywords:
violent offenders typical men implicit moral attitude Implicit Association Test (IAT)
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
采用内隐联想测验(IAT)
Abstract:
This research used the IAT to explore the difference of implicit moral attitude between violent offenders and typical men and the relationship between implicit moral attitude and violent crimes. Forty-four violent offenders and thirty-eight typical men were chosen to participate in the experiment which was taken as a single factor on two levels between subjects. The independent variable is the type of subjects: the violent offenders and the typical men. The dependent variable is the effect size of IAT. The experimental paradigm is Implicit Attitude Test (IAT). Experimental materials are 6 moral pictures and 6 animal pictures. Thirty typical men who are different from the formal subjects were chosen to evaluate the moral level of moral pictures and the emotional valence of animal pictures. Three of the moral pictures were evaluated higher moral levels than the other three (Mhigh±SDhigh=4.71±.14, Mlow±SDlow=1.31±.12, t(29)=96.852, p=.001). Three of the animal pictures were evaluated higher positive emotional valence than the others (Mhigh±SDhigh=4.62±.33, Mlow±SDlow=1.68±.35, t(29)=14.811, p=.001). Then two kinds of tasks were designed: compatible joint discrimination tasks: high moral level pictures—positive animal pictures, low moral level pictures—negative animal pictures; and incompatible joint discrimination tasks: high moral level pictures—negative animal pictures, low moral level pictures—positive animal pictures. The experimental hypothesis is that the difference of implicit moral attitude between the violent offenders and the typical men is significant. For typical men, the reaction time of compatible joint discrimination tasks is faster than incompatible joint discrimination tasks, whereas, for violent offenders, the reaction time of incompatible joint discrimination tasks is faster than compatible joint discrimination tasks. The results showed that, for both typical men and violent offenders, the reaction time of joint task 1 (violent offenders: M±SE = 2217.7ms±67.187; typical men: M±SE = 1347.8ms ± 72.297) are significantly faster than joint task 2 (violent offenders: M±SE = 2666.9 ms±56.081; typical men: M±SE =2306.5ms± 60.347) while all D values (the effect size of IAT) are positive (violent offenders: MD=1.234; typical men: MD = 2.693 ), and that the D value of violent offenders is significantly lower than typical men (t(80)= 6.590,p<.001). These mean that both typical men and violent offenders have more positive implicit moral attitude toward the moral pictures than non-moral pictures, but this attitude of typical men is significantly stronger than that of violent offenders. It also showed that the weak implicit moral attitude that follows social moral norms is one of the reasons for violent crimes.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家自然基金资助项目“城市老年人弱势群体的健身休闲制约及协商路径研究”(41871146);福建省本科高校教育教学改革研究项目(研究生教学改革项目)(FBJG20180314);福建师范大学研究生教学改革研究项目“基于职业胜任力的应用心理硕士(MAP)创新人才培养模式构建——以学校心理健康教育方向为例”(师大研[2018]46号);福建省监狱管理局研究项目“服刑人员自我控制、自我控制资源与利他行为注意偏向”(JY201701)第一 收稿日期:2018-12-19基金项目:国家自然基金资助项目“城市老年人弱势群体的健身休闲制约及协商路径研究”(41871146);福建省本科高校教育教学改革研究项目(研究生教学改革项目)(FBJG20180314);福建师范大学研究生教学改革研究项目“基于职业胜任力的应用心理硕士(MAP)创新人才培养模式构建——以学校心理健康教育方向为例”(师大研[2018]46号);福建省监狱管理局研究项目“服刑人员自我控制、自我控制资源与利他行为注意偏向”(JY201701)第一作者简介:高华(1970-),女,湖南永州人,教授/博士,主要研究方向:思维与推理、犯罪心理学。Email: gaohua002@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-09-09