|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]李 光.土耳其人在德国的教育融合:现状、进步与前景[J].宁波大学学报(教育科学版),2017,39(6):34-042.
 LI Guang.LI Guang[J].JORNAL OF NINGBO,2017,39(6):34-042.
点击复制

土耳其人在德国的教育融合:现状、进步与前景(PDF)
分享到:

《宁波大学学报》(教育科学版)[ISSN:1008-0627/CN:33-1214/G4]

卷:
第39卷
期数:
2017年第6期
页码:
34-042
栏目:
教育理论与教育史
出版日期:
2017-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
LI Guang
文章编号:
10080627(2017)06-0034-09
作者:
李 光
(惠州学院 马克思主义学院,广东 惠州 516007)
Author(s):
LI Guang
(School of Marxism, Huizhou University, Huizhou 516007, China)
关键词:
-
Keywords:
Germany Turks immigration education integration
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
在过去的10年间,由于土耳其人对德国教育体制的逐步适应以及德国联邦政府采取了积极的教育融合政策,土耳其学生在德国的教育体制中取得了长足的进步,但是相对德国学生还有较大的差距,主要原因在于德国的分轨制教育制度和土耳其移民隔离于德国主流社会的生活状态。而且由于过去10年间德国就业市场对中级岗位需求的减少,二代土耳其移民的教育进步并未使他们在就业方面获益。
Abstract:
Although Turkish students have made great progress in the gradual adaptation to German educational system due to the active educational integrating measures of the German Federal Government In the past decade, they still fall far behind their German counterparts. This mainly results from Germany’s educational track and Turks’ isolation from the mainstream German society, as well as the decline in demand for intermediate jobs over the past decade, and the second-generation of Turkish immigrants enjoying no benefit of employment from their advanced education

参考文献/References:

[1].FEDERAL STATISTICAL OFFICE OF GERMANY. Statistical yearbook Germany extract chapter 2 population, families, living arrangements[M]. Wiesbaden: Federal Statistical Office of Germany, 2010: 20.
[2].郑也夫. 德国教育与早分流之利弊[J]. 清华大学教育研究, 2012(6): 6-15.
[3].BRETT KLOPP. German Multiculturalism: Immigrant integration and the transformation of citizen westport[M]. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002.
[4].CHARLOTTE LAUER. Education and labour market Outcomes: A French-German comparison, heidelberg[M]. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag Heidelberg, 2005.
[5].BMBF. Basic and Sturctural data 1999/2000[M]. Bonn: Federal Ministry of Education and Research, 2000: 42.
[6].STATISTISCHES B. Fachserie 11 reihe 1. bildung und kultur. allgemeinbildende schulen. schuljahr 2011/2012[M]. Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt, 2012.
[7].DUSTMANN C, FRATTINI T, LANZARA G. Educational achievement of second-generation immigrants: an international comparison[J]. Economic Policy, 2012, 27(69):143-185.
[8].CRUL M, SCHNEIDER J. Children of Turkish immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands: The impact of differences in vocational and academic tracking systems[J]. Teachers College Record, 2009, 111(6): 1508-1527.
[9].M?HE N. Muslims in the EU: Cities report, Germany[M]. New York: Open Society Institute, 2007.
[10].俞可. 教师向学生投降的背后——透视德国教育制度与社会融合[J]. 上海教育, 2006(9): 38-39.
[11].胡春光. 德国学前教育面临的主要问题与改革策略[J]. 学前教育研究, 2008(8): 45-50.
[12].SMITHDANIEL SCOTT. Second-generation Turks in German secondary schools:problems, policies, and promise[M]. Boston: Global Education Leadership Opportunities, 2013.
[13].Dokumentiert-Notruf der Rütli-Schule[EB/OL]. (2006-03-30) http://www.spiegel.de/schulspiegel/dokumentiert-notruf-der-ruetli-schule-a-408803.html.
[14].ROSS C J. Perennial Outsiders: The educational experience of Turkish youth in Germany[J]. Social Science Electronic Publishing, 2009(5): 698-708.
[15].KRISTEN C. School and ethnic school segregation: Primary school selection in Germany[M]. New York: Waxmann Publising Co, 2005: 88.
[16].MUELLER C. Integrating Turkish communities: a German dilemma[J]. Population Research & Policy Review, 2006, 25(5-6):419-441.
[17].GEI?LE R R. Lebenslagen der samilien der zweiten Generation[J]. Nachholende Integrationspolitik–Problemfelder und Forschungsfragen, 2008.
[18].RIPHAHN R T. Cohort Effects in the sducational attainment of second generation immigrants in Germany: An analysis of census data[J]. Journal of Population Economics, 2003, 16(4): 711-737.
[19].YUKLEYEN A. State policies and Islam in Europe: Milli G?rü? in Germany and the Netherlands[J]. Journal of Ethnic & Migration Studies, 2010, 36(3):445-463.
[20].ALBA R D, HANDL J, M?LLER W. Ethnic inequalities in the German school system[M]// SCHUCK P H, M?NZ R. Paths to inclusion: The integration of migrants in the United States and Germany, New York: Berghabn Books, 1998: 127.
[21].KRISTEN C. School Choice and ethnic school segregation: primary school selection in Germany[M]. Münster: Waxmann Verlag, 2003.
[22].LEGGE J S. Jews, Turks, and Other strangers: Roots of prejudice in modern Germany[M]. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2003: 7.
[23].TOSUNER H. Policies of anti-discrimination and integration in Germany: The German government commissioner for migration [EB/OL]. (2013-02-22)http://www.ces.uc.pt/projectos/tolerace/ media/WP2/WorkingPapers%202_Germany.pdf.
[24].OECD. OECD Reviews of migrant education: Closing the gap for immigrant students[M]. Paris: OECD, 2010.
[25].S?SSMUTH R. The future of migration and integration policy in Germany[J]. Migration Policy Institute, 2009: 1-23.
[26].FEDERAL OFFICE FOR MIGRATION AND REFUGEES. Annual report 2008[M]. Nürnberg: Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, 2008: 2.
[27].B?TTNER TOBIAS. The integration of migrating spouses in Germany[M]. Nürnberg: Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, 2014: 4.
[28].GESEMANN F. Die Integration junger muslime in deutschland[M]. Berlin: Digital Library of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, 2006: 20.
[29].HECKMANN F. Education and the integration of migrants: challenges for European education systems arising from immigration and strategies for the successful integration of migrant children in European schools and societies[J]. NESSE Analytical Report 1 for EU Commission DG Education and Culture, 2008: 34-49.
[30].FEDERAL MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR. Migration and integration: Residence law and policy on migration and integration in German[M]. Berlin: Federal Ministry of the Interior, 2011: 68.
[31].STANAT P, CHRISTENSEN G. Where immigrant students succeed: A comparative review of performance and engagement in PISA 2003[M]. Paris: OECD, 2006: 196.
[32].ALGAN Y, DUSTMANN C, GLITZ A, et al. The economic situation of first and second-generation immigrants in France, Germany and the United Kingdom[J]. The Economic Journal, 2010, 120(542): 4-30.
[33].SEIFERT W. Qualifikation und Arbeitsmarktintegration der ersten und zweiten Generation am Beispiel Nordrhein- Westfalens[J]. Nachholende Integration spolitik–Problemfelder und Forschungsfragen. Osnabrücker: IMIS-Beitr?ge. H, 2008, 27: 27-39.
[34].OECD, Recruiting immigrant workers recruiting immigrant workers: Germany[M]. Paris: OECD, 2013: 163.
[35].CONSTANT A, MASSEY D S. Labor market segmentation and the earnings of German guestworkers[J]. Population Research and Policy Review, 2005, 24(5): 489-512.
[36].Turks’ Educational Integration in Germany: Current Status, Improvement and Prospect

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:惠州学院哲学人文社会科学研究项目“欧洲的伊斯兰极端主义研究”(20130614084216037) 收稿日期:2017-06-10
作者简介:李光(1976-),男,陕西彬县人,讲师,主要研究方向:西欧民族问题。E-mail:l_g_li@163.com 表1 土耳其学生在德国各类中学历年的分布情况 (%)
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-01-03