|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]陈 立,刘华.美国政府对私立学校的责任述评[J].宁波大学学报(教育科学版),2012,34(4):48-53.
 CHEN Li,LIU Hua.A Review of Governmental Responsibilities for Private Schools in the US[J].JORNAL OF NINGBO,2012,34(4):48-53.
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美国政府对私立学校的责任述评(PDF)
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《宁波大学学报》(教育科学版)[ISSN:1008-0627/CN:33-1214/G4]

卷:
第34卷
期数:
2012年4期
页码:
48-53
栏目:
比较教育
出版日期:
2012-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Review of Governmental Responsibilities for Private Schools in the US
作者:
陈 立 1刘华 2
1. 宁波大学教师教育学院,浙江 宁波 315211;2. 宁波大学外语学院,浙江 宁波 315211
Author(s):
CHEN Li1 LIU Hua2
1.College of Teacher Education, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China; 2. Faculty of Foreign Languages, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
关键词:
美国政府私立学校资助管理
Keywords:
government private schools assistance regulation
分类号:
G40-059.3
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
在美国教育现代化的进程中,联邦宪法立教条款在政府与私立学校之间所设置的严格壁垒开始瓦 解。自20 世纪初,在一系列联邦最高法院判例法的主张之下,美国政府对私立学校逐步形成了资助与管 理并行的责任与立场。美国政府对私立学校的资助是在公、私学校对等的原则框架内展开,以学生资助为 其基本的形式;政府对私立学校拥有管理权,但管理有合理的限度。联邦政府是私立学校的主要资助者, 州政府的资助相对有限,但州政府是私立学校外部管理的主体。进入21 世纪,越来越多的州通过教育券 和教育费用税赋宽减等政策逐步加大对私立学校的公共资助,随之而来私立学校的政府规制将会增加。
Abstract:
From 1920s onward, governments have begun to render assistance to and put regulation on private schools under a series of US federal case laws. In a framework of equality, American governments provide private schools educational services and financial supports in the form of student assistance, to which students of public schools are also entitled. In the US, governments have the necessary power to regulate private schools. The Federal government is the major sponsor with the state government offering limited support but key administration. American governments’ regulation of private schools has been state-based, and exercised in a limited way. Since entering the 21st century, more states have begun to strengthen public assistance to private schools through voucher and tax credit, and thus US, private schools have to comply with a higher degree of government regulation.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-02-10 第一作者简介:陈立(1975-),男,重庆人,副教授/博士,主要研究方向:外国教育。E-mail:chenli1@nbu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-07-10